Independent Industrialization of the United States
But the move toward a new Russia was endless. Alexander II tried to reform in various ways, but the lives of the majority of the people, the peasants, had not changed, and the discontent had grown out of control. When the method of enlightenment through the Benaude movement ended in failure, the idea of creating a secret organization and revolutionizing it became widespread among young intellectuals who were involved in the movement. With the rise of assassinations and terrorism to topple the Tsar regime and the rise of workers to revolutionize socialism, the despotic politics led by Tsar met with serious challenges. Most of all, the intellectuals at the time wanted an immediate social revolution rather than a long-term change. If European socialism had joined hands with the civil movement through legitimate institutions such as trade unions and Labour, Russia would have adopted extreme measures. The simple idea that an assassination of Charman would lead to the collapse of despotic politics has further encouraged them. In the wake of a series of assassination attempts, the nobles persuaded Alexander II to strengthen the censorship system and stop reforms. Their interference has gradually evolved through reform, blocking the path to peaceful modernization by themselves. Eventually, Alexander II was assassinated by a young man who was campaigning for revolutionist youth. The next time Alexander III saw his father's death, he decided to carry out a more thorough repression. Then came Nikolai II, who strictly controlled the idea and mobilized police and troops to suppress the revolutionary movement. But this oppression has also yielded to the demands of an era of longing for a new Russia. Since the late 1890s, anti-government forces have been more organized than ever before, and Russia's liberalization movement has been escalating to pave the way for the revolution.
In 1801, Thomas Jefferson became the third president of the United States. As a president who wrote the Declaration of Independence, he reduced the power of the federal government and made the people more entitled. This is the moment of completion of the Democratic Republic. Two years later, U.S. land doubled as it bought Louisiana from France at a cheap price. Louisiana was named after then French explorer Louis XIV. This sets the stage for the United States to move west. In 1812, the United States fought a war with Britain. It was because Britain was at war with France, blocking the sea, attacking American ships and disrupting trade. In the early days of the war, the U.S. lost to Britain. British forces pushed their way to the capital, Washington, and burned down the presidential residence and government buildings. But a man named Andrew Jackson in the U.S. changed the game with a big victory in the battle of New Orleans. By signing the peace treaty in 1814, the war ended. The United States has become more and more united with pride by winning proudly against the strongest Britain. In 1823, when James Monroe was president, he announced the diplomatic principle of Monroe Doctrine. It said that the United States would not interfere in European affairs, so that Europe would no longer create a new colony in the Americas, and that interference with the newly independent Latin American country would be considered an act of hostility toward the United States. Europe, which entered Napoleon's power, wanted to put everything back before the French Revolution. And Latin America, too, was going to go back to the days when Espania and Portugal ruled. And then the U.S. declared this to Europe. America's industrialization has progressed faster than any other European country, and it has a huge market. This puts Latin America under U.S. interference instead of Europe.
In 1828, General Andrew Jackson was elected the seventh president after winning the war against Britain. As the first working-class president, he opened the era of democracy and the era of expansion of the United States. Immigrants from Germany and Ireland have surged in population, and many have set their way to new lands in the West. The Native Indians who lived in the West ended up losing their land. Americans continued to collide with the Indians as they expanded their land. There were many wars, but Americans won every once in a while. In 1830, we even made a law to force the Indians to move west. In 1838, Cherokee Indians living in the south also had to go on a long, rough road. On the way out, many Indians died of extreme cold, disease, and hunger. When the Indians arrived in strange, strange land after a long journey of 1,300 kilometers, about a quarter of the Indians who had traveled further were said to have lost their lives. Still, the path the Indians took was called the Road of Tears, and the Indians' migration and resistance continued until 1886.
industrialization, development of the United States
As the land in the U.S. has expanded, we now need transportation to connect the regions. In the northern part of the commercial and industrial world, factory-produced goods had to be shipped to various parts of the United States. The steamboat, which appeared in 1807, was the first to sail two days from New York to Albany, 240 kilometers away, with passengers on the Hudson River. American inventor Robert Fulton built the world's first commercial steamship, Clamont. Also, a canal was built to connect the river with the river. This has reduced the time and money required to transport and led to the rapid development of the industry, with many factories built around the canal and the Great Lakes.